Literature review on SQL

Companies are involved in different operations that result in the generation of information. The information is never discarded rather it should be kept for the future references. The question to ask is how to keep the data. The database concept came previously with the usage of the file database until we came to settle on the sequential databases. The primary databases are the SQL databases and the Oracle databases that do perform the same job but with the application of different principles in the implementation of the functionalities. A database is described as the collection of related data that is organized and stored at a collective place for easily accessing, management and administration of the data.

History of databases and SQL
Database came in to ensure that the data stored can be retrieved or shared amongst the users without the know that there is sharing. In 1970, Dr. Codd published a paper “A Relational Model of Data for Large Shared Data Banks” that was the building block of the relational database system. He described a new structure for data within the database that brought the relational database system that is still in use up to current (Sumathi & Esakkirajan, 2007). On the other side, Chamberlin and Boyce (employees at IBM Corporation, Inc) developed a query language they referred to as Specifying Queries As Relational Expressions (SQUARE). The language did apply the set theory a predicate mathematics to have the select of data from the database. SQUARE acted as the building block for another language (Instructional Software Research and Development Group., 2006).

In 1974, Chamberlin and Boyce refined the SQUARE language to publish the Structured English Query Language (SEQUEL). The refinement focused on the data retrieval from the database, and they had taken the focus to applying the top-down programming that required the linear notation, and readable programs which are easy to modify and maintain. The result of the implemented got the description of the SEQUEL as structured (Chamberlin & Boyce, 1974). In 1979, SQL got into its existence by dropping the vowels EUE, the SEQUEL was found out to be a registered mark trade for Hawker Siddeley Aircraft Company that forced IBM to change the SEQUEL to SQL.

SQL Architectural framework
The architecture of Pl/SQL describes its working with the Oracle. The PL/SQL block is made up procedural and SQL statements as it describes how the SQL in Oracle interprets the PL/SQL block. The PL/SQL architecture contains the block, engine, and the Oracle server. The engine is concerned with the compiling and executing the SQL block, and the PL/SQL engine contains the PL/SQL procedural statement executor that executes the procedural statements. On the other side, the Oracle server contains the SQL statement executor that executes the SQL statement (Rosenzweig & Silvestrova, 2004). Therefore, the PL/SQL engine is in coordination with the Oracle Server for purposes of processing the block.

According to Instructional Software Research and Development Group (2006), SQL statements can be classified either;

Data Definition Language (DDL)
Data Manipulation Language (DML)
Data Query Language (DQL)
Data Control Language (DCL)
Data Administration Statements (DAS)
Transaction Control Statements (TCS)
Features of SQL
Structured Query Language (SQL) has got developed and meets the ANSI and the ISO standards as a computer language that can use in creation and manipulation of hierarchical databases. SQL has the capability of allowing the proficient user to undertake some administration activities such as create some views, update, delete records and retrieve the data from the database. It is very simple and easy for one to learn because it is sequential and structured in nature and it is to work with some other desirable database programs such as MS Access, and Sybase (Groff & Weinberg, n.d).

SQL database, the SQL Server 2005 and SQL Server 2008, have the data mining architecture that enabled the models to enhance business intelligence. Business intelligence components can easily get integrated into SQL server that includes the On-line analytical processing (OLAP), SQL Server Integration Services (SSIS) and the reporting services (Crat, Tang & MacLennan, 2013). SQL has been on developed and currently exhibit some attractive, unique features of supporting character sets, collations, and translations. A transaction can roll back on save points. The database language supports Boolean data type and large objects of binary and the character LOBs (Kreines, 2000).

Benefits of SQL
SQL does not require navigational instructions as it is coded without embedded data that simplifies the retrieval of data.
The applications applying the SQL are portable as well as the language gives a high level of abstraction, and its internal implementation makes it independent.
SQL is simple to learn and easily handle complex situations at the same time the language has no ambiguity about the way a query interprets the data.
The SQL is used in definition of the data structure; control the accessibility of data, delete, insertion and modification of data
Proposal
Iteration 1: Orientation
The orientation program captured my attention by familiarizing me to a few identities. I first had to sign the internship acceptance form from the Human Resource department after which I am to be directed to my designated department. Within the working point, I will introduce myself to the work mates and move around to have the familiarization of the company strategic location. I will visit the specified departments starting with the operational section from where I will have to understand the company core business operations, procedures, principles and the goals to achieve. The working conditions will also be provided to avoid the misrepresentation at working point.

Iteration 2: Understanding the SQL concepts
After the understanding of the company operations and my expectations, I will take some critical time to have the deep understanding of the SQL concepts. Databases go by experience and understanding of what the requirements are according to the company procedures. During the iteration, I will make some consultation from my working mates so that I take to know where I need to take the concentration of understanding. Secondly, I will undertake some online research to have the deep experience of coding and the most critical operations of the SQL. The model accordance to the Model will be under study. The personal studying will further involve the data analytics and the understanding of the big data. The iteration will be the preparation for the training that I will be taken through by the assigned supervisor. At the end of the iteration, I would have sharpened my knowledge and have the best theoretical understanding of SQL as far as the database is concerned.

Iteration 3: Training
The training will go through the application of the SQL and the implementation of the Oracle databases. The training will be conducted primarily to have the clear, practical understanding of the Oracle database and the SQL database. Define the principles of the application modes of the databases. The training will be conducted through the labs of the company where normal staff training and seminars take place. The process will be the preparation of the primary object of designing a database exercising gall the database administration and maintenance. Therefore, by the end of the training session, I would have gained the practical skills and experience of database administration.

Iteration 4: SQL Database designing
The iteration will get me through the steps prior designing and development of a database. First, I will have to undertake some feasibility so that I may be able to define the requirements of the company and the end users to be adhered to during the SQL database development. After then the designing of the application will take its course by applying primarily all the knowledge of SQL database to have the database that meets the determined requirements after that the last iteration will follow.

Iteration 5: SQL database administration and management
The iteration is the other critical activity that I will be involved. The primary expectations are ensuring that the database is up to date the demands of the end users are accomplished. During the process I will be updating the database, deleting some entries. Furthermore, create the views procedures and the queries as well as reports and more so enhance the security within the database. Actually, at the end of it all, I would have got the best knowledge than ever that will get me into the market with the desirable experience and skills.

Leadership

Part One
The idea in the case study involves examining the value that the managers have in the company by undertaking rigorous research. In ensuring that the team bought into the vale that the managers have in the company and thus promote the acceptance of the idea, they used the ideas and input from their staff. The company used the ideas that the staff gave in developing the guidelines, classes as well as feedback reports that the managers at the companies use in honing the essential skills that will promote the execution of their duties.

Part Two
The statement if find most useful is in asking for the input of the subordinate staff in designing the training and teaching manuals for the managers. Ensuring that the employees offer these suggestions guarantees that the skills that the management receives are tailored to satisfy the needs of the organization and thus promoting the respect that this two exhibit. The inclusion of the junior employees in designing the training of the managers ensures that the managers receive the specific skills that they employees believe will enhance the success of the business.

Part Three
The assertion of inclusive fits to my personal experience in leadership as the experience I have has taught that by ensuring that all the parties in an organization take the active part in designing solutions, there is the reinforcement of respect and success of the venture. By using the junior staff in the designing of an organization’s solutions to a problem, there is the ownership of the idea by the parties involved which promotes their dedication and commitment to the organization.

Part Four
Leadership is essential attributes that guide the execution of engineering duties. Because engineering involves the technical attributes in the execution of the duties, poor management has direct negative impact on the execution of these duties. In this case, the effective engineering leader will ensure that all the parties in an organization take the active part in designing the leadership qualities they desire and thus enhancing the success of the ventures they lead as the members of their team respect and support their leadership.

Part One
The big idea in the Ted movie is in creating prosthetics that are going to assist the soldiers who have lost parts of their bodies in war mainly about their arms. In designing of the arm, it was a requirement that the arm possesses the best motor control possible. Thus for Ted, selecting the best engineers who had the passion for assisting these war heroes and ensuring that he offered the best possible leadership to guide them in developing the arm was the main attribute of their project.

Part Two
The statement that I find very interesting is the fact that even thought they would take longer in developing the arm, within the first year they had a device that had 12 degrees of freedom, all the sensors as well as the microprocessors. The assertion, in this case, is that the passion and good leadership that they had made it possible for them to do what they believed would take longer within a shorter time.

Part Three

The statement identifies with my experience that with the passion and the right leadership, it is possible to do what seems impossible. The teamwork and dedication that comes from the passion and excellent leadership are the two qualities that are fundamental to the attainment of any engineering project.

Part Four
The statement relates well to my perception of the effective engineering leader in that he/she should be able to select the best team that they believe will realize the desired results. Additionally, the leader should be able to keep the team motivated to attain the set goals, being able to spell out these goals adequately as well as what they need to do to attain the objective. The leader should be the anchor, demonstrating the passion and guidance that the rest of the team can rely upon in attaining their objectives.

Sherry Roberts is the author of this paper. A senior editor at MeldaResearch.Com in cheap term papers if you need a similar paper you can place your order from top research paper writing companies.

Find excellent quotes on life online

There are times in life when we want to share our feelings about some particular happenings in our life but we fail to give those feelings any word. That is when the quotes helps us to define what exactly are we feeling, it gives some of the most exact words to our ongoing condition and feelings associated with it. With the increasing use of social media people are expressing themselves freely, but most of he people don’t know how to write about them, in this condition you can recall the famous dialogue from the movie American History X that is “Derek says it’s always good to end a paper with a quote. He says someone else has already said it best. So if you can’t top it, steal from them and go out strong.”

There are various conditions life presents to us after which we feel like being left alone, that ‘s when depression hits us. It is one of the most undefinable feeling and it’s not easy to make people understand your condition, giving words to the feeling of depression is one of the hardest task. In such condition, to make someone understand what exactly you are going through you can look up for the best Quotes About Being Depressed and can express your feelings effectively.

You can easily find quotes on almost every feeling that is inexpressible to you, you can look it up online and you can get some of the best sayings on that topic. Most of the times quotes assures you that you are not alone, someone else has felt the same thing and gave words to it. Like if you are experiencing a bad day then you can look up for the Having A Bad Day Quotes and you can find the best quotes which can define exactly what you are you are going through and how it is feels.

Online there are various websites which are dedicated to this task of collecting quotes of famous people from all over the world. Like while searching you may find Lookup Quotes which can provide you the best quotes on various topics by the famous people. Like if you are die hard fan of DRAKE then you can look up for the Drake Quotes and you can easily find all the quotes said by him.